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Religious community chooses nature over riches of a natural gas lease
Catholic News Service photo
Sisters Mary Cunningham and Barbara O'Donnell, members of the Sisters of the Humility of Mary, are shown on the grounds of the order's motherhouse in Villa Maria, Pa., in September. The sisters played leading roles in their order's months-long discernmen t that led to a decision to turn down multiple offers to lease part of the grounds for natural gas development using hydraulic fracturing. 
Catholic News Service photo
Sisters Mary Cunningham and Barbara O'Donnell, members of the Sisters of the Humility of Mary, are shown on the grounds of the order's motherhouse in Villa Maria, Pa., in September. The sisters played leading roles in their order's months-long discernmen t that led to a decision to turn down multiple offers to lease part of the grounds for natural gas development using hydraulic fracturing. 
Catholic News Service

VILLA MARIA, Pa. — With 761 acres of mostly wooded property nestled along the Ohio-Pennsylvania state line, the Sisters of the Humility of Mary feel they have been entrusted with a special oasis.

The land encompasses a 250-acre organic farm, grazing land for cattle and sheep, wetlands and shaded open space where members of the community, employees and visitors can relax, walk and pray, all to gain a deeper appreciation of creation.

So when the landmen representing the energy companies approached in 2010, 2011 and 2012 with offers of thousands of dollars per acre for the natural gas rights in the shale formations deep below the surface, the sisters stepped back and asked themselves what the land they have nurtured for nearly 150 years really meant to the community.

What they decided was to firmly tell the landmen, "No."

Never mind that some of the sisters' 80 neighbors had readily signed on, likely bringing industrial-scale natural gas mining that uses the controversial slick water hydraulic fracturing process to the congregation's doorsteps.

For now, explained Sister Barbara O'Donnell and Sister Mary Cunningham, who have been intimately involved in land and environmental concerns for their order, the 2012 decision to forgo signing any lease was the best way to protect the piece of creation the sisters call home.

"We actually spent whole meetings going through the lease piece by piece," Sister Barbara recalled. "We had those lawyers work with us at those meetings, going through it piece by piece, enlightening us to what we were saying yes to. And point by point we had to say no because of our belief.

"And because we're a religious congregation, we're not in it for the money. We could have made lots of money and we have things that we could have invested that into. But at this time we just could not say yes to that because the land has sustained us from the time we came here in 1864," Sister Barbara said.

Sister Mary told Catholic News Service it was a desire to focus on the "bigger picture" of sustainability for all life that guided the community's decision.

"This is not just a human thing. This is a wildlife habitat that is so healthy. The fear of having anything interrupt that is very serious to us," she said.

Both sisters explained that their community's concern for the environment flows from Scripture and the legacy of saints such as Francis of Assisi, Hildegard of Bingen, Ignatius of Loyola and Bernard of Clairvaux, who often used inspirational images of nature in their writings and teachings.

The community updated its Land Ethic and Principles of Sustainability earlier this year. The idea for the ethic took root in 1999 as the sisters reconsidered their relationship with the land, but it was not until 2009 when it was formally adopted. The ethic is meant to guide discussions on any potential changes in the use of the property.

The ethic encompasses four principles of sustainability related to the interdependence of all life, simple living and ecological sustainability, the use of natural renewable energies and minimizing waste, and promoting ecological justice and ethical responsibility to all forms of life.

Sister Barbara and Sister Mary said they believe the practice of hydraulic fracturing -- in which millions of gallons of water mixed with  sand and chemicals is injected into the shale to free natural gas and natural gas liquids -- poses serious challenges to the environment despite the energy industry's assurances that environmental and safety regulations are followed.

Industry leaders maintain that the hydraulic fracturing process, also known as fracking, has never contaminated any water supplies in the 66 years since it was developed.

The sisters, however, point to the release of harmful chemicals and hydrocarbons into the air and, at times, the water, noise, bright lights, massive amounts of truck traffic and the loss of wildlife habitat that scientific studies and homeowners' experiences show is often associated with natural gas extraction.

They are concerned that if fracking comes to nearby properties their water supply may be endangered by the migration of dangerous chemicals and naturally occurring radioactive materials into the aquifer that supplies the motherhouse and farm. The order is in the process of having its water sources tested and follow-up monitoring will become the norm, Sister Barbara said.

The sisters said they understand how the attraction of jobs and the money received from leasing rights and royalties can be attractive in a long-suffering part of the country.

"The area is so economically depressed that people are desperate for any kind of work," Sister Mary said.

As the landmen were making their rounds, the community sponsored an eight-part educational series on fracking. The programs offered opportunities for the residents to discuss and better understand the mining process, legal issues and environmental stewardship responsibilities.

In the end, the Sisters of the Humility of Mary will continue to seek ways to help neighboring property owners maintain what Sister Barbara and Sister Mary described as "right relationship with the earth."

"It's about the health of humans. It's about the health of animals. It's  about the health of the land. It connects to our food. Are we fracking  our food that is grown from the land? Are we fracking our water which we have to drink? These are the sources of sustenance," Sister Mary said.

"These are all God-given gifts to all of us."

Reader Comments

Posted: Monday, January 20, 2014
Article comment by: Brian Oram

It is your choice as the royalty owner, but it is still important to conduct baseline testing, review water quality data, and submit the data to the Citizens Database - http://www.pacleanwater.org

Posted: Saturday, December 14, 2013
Article comment by: Cate Matisi

As an alumna of Villa Maria High School and an individual who is strongly opposed to fracking, from the lies that are told to sell leases, the damage to the infrastructure during construction, preparation. collection and storage of natural gas, condensate and wastewater and the innately stupid practice of injection wells, I applaud this decision and am proud to say I am a Villa girl!
Cate Matisi
Stewart, Ohio

Posted: Thursday, December 12, 2013
Article comment by: D Bruno

Bravo, Sisters, Bravo!

Posted: Thursday, December 12, 2013
Article comment by: John Trallo

Thank you for caring about the environment and the sustainability of the land you've been entrusted with. It is indeed sad that our state legislature and many local elected officials don't have your moral code of ethics when it comes to protecting our life-sustaining natural resources, and the appreciation for all living things. Greed is like a terminal disease that has spread through much of the Commonwealth, and it is reassuring to know that there are those who have the strength of character to resist the temptation for wealth and doing what is right by future generations. The Sisters of the Humility of Mary are an inspiration, as are all those who have said no and stood firmly on a higher moral ground.

Posted: Wednesday, December 11, 2013
Article comment by: Suzanne Matteo

I thank these sisters for standing their ground and protecting the earth that the are borrowing from the next generation. I know that there has been an enormous amount of pressure to sign a lease. Also they have done so much to educate their community on fracking by holding many public meetings. Sadly, there is a permit pending at the DEP for a well a few hundred feet from the Villa Marie Mahoning Ambrosia as it's filed at the DEP and will probably be drilled in the next few months.

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