|Latin American youth moved to take church to the streets following WYD|
Catholic News Service photo
World Youth Day pilgrim Jose Victor Monteiro, 14, of Caraguatatuba, Brazil, offers "free hugs" along Copacabana beach in Rio de Janeiro July 27. Monteiro said he had been standing in the same spot for four hours and had given more than 300 embraces.
Catholic News ServiceSAO PAULO — The nearly 3 million pilgrims who swept across Copacabana beach during the six-day celebration of World Youth Day returned home at the beginning of August with "clear instructions" from the Pope Francis.
"Go against the tide," Pope Francis told the crowds on several occasions during the six-day celebration. "I ask you to be revolutionaries. ... Go beyond the church's walls. ... Go onto the streets, to poor communities. Don't be afraid to go and bring Christ into every area of life, to the fringes of society, even to those who seem the farthest away."
Barbara Maciel Ferreira da Silva, 16, from the Jundiai Diocese in Sao Paulo, understood the message.
"We cannot continue to be oblivious to the world outside. We have to take God wherever we go," said Silva, one of the seven young people chosen to receive a gift from Pope Francis at celebration's closing Mass July 28.
Not even the drizzle that fell in Rio de Janeiro for the first three days of World Youth Day was enough to discourage the millions of young people who came to hear Pope Francis in his official first overseas voyage.
Pope Francis spoke about 20 times to pilgrims, authorities and religious during his trip through speeches, homilies and liturgies. Each time he garnered new admirers.
"There is no denying that Pope Francis has an enormous natural empathy," says Brenda Carranza, a faculty member at the Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas. "He used simple terms, had a persuasive, more social than moral discourse, which attracted the youth."
For Bishop Pedro Luiz Stringhini, of the Diocese of Mogi das Cruzes in Sao Paulo, the celebration showed that young people are seeking an ideal to follow or a cause to take up. "They are less politicized than we were in the 1970s, but they still need to feel they are changing something in their world," he said.
And if the pilgrims at WYD needed a cause to embrace, Pope Francis's speeches certainly inspired them.
"I want the church to go out onto the streets," the pope said in a meeting with Argentine youths. "I want us to resist everything worldly, everything static, everything comfortable, everything to do with clericalism, everything that might make us closed in on ourselves. The parishes, the schools, the institutions are made for going out. ... If they don't, they become an NGO (nongovernmental organization), and the church cannot be an NGO."
Carranza found that Pope Francis' gestures were as strong as his words: carrying his suitcase onto the plane; giving away rosaries and asking pilgrims to pray with him and for him; thanking the residents of a favela, or slum, for opening their homes and inviting him in.
"We see a shift, a symbolic rupture, from words to gestures, which are very powerful," added Carranza, explaining that the humility demonstrated by the pope was one of the key factors which caught the pilgrims' attention. "Everyone saw his gestures of humility as a personal trait. The pilgrims identified with the pontiff as being one of them."
Silva sees it the same way.
"Young people see flaws in everything, but seeing how he was humble, that he abdicated from all the luxury just to be with us, showed us that maybe it can be different, ... that we can make a difference in the world," she said.
About 40 percent of the world's Catholics live in Latin America. The election of a pope from the region gave Catholics there something with which to connect. Rio resident, Wanda Araujo, 83, told Catholic News Service that the pope's example is what the Catholic Church desperately needed.
"It is a blessing for us to have a Latin American pope," she said. "We needed someone who was one of us ... who understood our reality. Europeans do not know the reality we face here."
Fernando Altemeyer Jr., professor of theology at the Pontifical Catholic University of Sao Paulo, said that although Pope Francis' objective at World Youth Day was not to convert youths to Catholicism, he believes that some who had strayed from the flock may return. But he does not expect them to do it simply on their own.
"If the priest or nun at the parish has the same empathy as the pontiff than I think we may see a multiplying effect coming from WYD," he said.
The Catholic Church will have to wait and see whether Pope Francis' message to youth will spread. But most Latin Americans interviewed by CNS during the celebration said they felt a deeper connection to the Argentine Jesuit.
Eugenio Perez, 24, a seminarian from the Archdiocese of Santiago, Chile, summed up the sentiment felt by many World Youth Day pilgrims: "In Latin America we are very hospitable, welcoming, and I think Pope Francis has brought this Latin American warmth into the church."